33 records – page 1 of 2.

Decision 60-07

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2422
Applicant
Bailey Selburn Oil and Gas Ltd.
B-H Petroleums (Alberta) Ltd.
California Standard Company
Charter Oil and Gas Ltd.
Crowfoot Exploration Ltd.
Selbay Exploration Ltd.
Consolidated Mic Mac Oils Ltd.
Mayfair Oil and Gas Ltd.
Richfield Oil Corporation
Application Number
000378
000240
Title
Decision on application by Bailey Selburn Oil and Gas Ltd., B-H Petroleums (Alberta) Ltd., California Standard Company, Charter Oil and Gas Ltd., Crowfoot Exploration Ltd., Selbay Exploration Ltd., J. Merril Wright, Jr., and Consolidated Mic Mac Oils Ltd., Mayfair Oil and Gas Ltd., and Richfield Oil Corporation, 1960 (gas removal)
Date
1960
Title
Decision on application by Bailey Selburn Oil and Gas Ltd., B-H Petroleums (Alberta) Ltd., California Standard Company, Charter Oil and Gas Ltd., Crowfoot Exploration Ltd., Selbay Exploration Ltd., J. Merril Wright, Jr., and Consolidated Mic Mac Oils Ltd., Mayfair Oil and Gas Ltd., and Richfield Oil Corporation, 1960 (gas removal)
Date
1960
Applicant
Bailey Selburn Oil and Gas Ltd.
B-H Petroleums (Alberta) Ltd.
California Standard Company
Charter Oil and Gas Ltd.
Crowfoot Exploration Ltd.
Selbay Exploration Ltd.
Consolidated Mic Mac Oils Ltd.
Mayfair Oil and Gas Ltd.
Richfield Oil Corporation
Application Number
000378
000240
Hearing Panel
Govier GW
Manyluk AF
Millard V
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Gas removal
Descriptors
Gas removal
Alberta
Etzikom field
Gas pipeline
Gas reserve
Lease drainage
Medicine Hat field
NTS 72E
NTS 72L
Legal References
Gas Resources Preservation Act 1956
Notes
ERCB Report 60-7 on application no. 378 by Bailey Selburn et al to remove gas produced from the Medicine Hat Field over a 25-year period (Board Hearing 1960-08-22/23) and on application no. 240 by Consolidated Mic Mac Oils et al to remove gas produced from the Medicine Hat Field over a 25-year period (Board hearing 1960-08-23)
Less detail

Decision 61-05

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2421
Applicant
Bailey Selburn Oil and Gas Ltd.
B-H Petroleums (Alberta) Ltd.
California Standard Company
Charter Oil and Gas Ltd.
Crowfoot Exploration Ltd.
Selbay Exploration Ltd.
Consolidated Mic Mac Oils Ltd.
Mayfair Oil and Gas Ltd.
Richfield Oil Corporation
Application Number
000378
000240
Title
Decision on application by Bailey Selburn Oil and Gas Ltd., B-H Petroleums (Alberta) Ltd., California Standard Company, Charter Oil and Gas Ltd., Crowfoot Exploration Ltd., Selbay Exploration Ltd., J. Merril Wright, Jr., and Consolidated Mic Mac Oils Ltd., Mayfair Oil and Gas Ltd., and Richfield Oil Corporation, 1961 (gas removal)
Date
1961
Title
Decision on application by Bailey Selburn Oil and Gas Ltd., B-H Petroleums (Alberta) Ltd., California Standard Company, Charter Oil and Gas Ltd., Crowfoot Exploration Ltd., Selbay Exploration Ltd., J. Merril Wright, Jr., and Consolidated Mic Mac Oils Ltd., Mayfair Oil and Gas Ltd., and Richfield Oil Corporation, 1961 (gas removal)
Date
1961
Applicant
Bailey Selburn Oil and Gas Ltd.
B-H Petroleums (Alberta) Ltd.
California Standard Company
Charter Oil and Gas Ltd.
Crowfoot Exploration Ltd.
Selbay Exploration Ltd.
Consolidated Mic Mac Oils Ltd.
Mayfair Oil and Gas Ltd.
Richfield Oil Corporation
Application Number
000378
000240
Hearing Panel
Govier GW
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Gas removal
Descriptors
Gas removal
Alberta
Equity
Etzikom field
Gas demand
Gas producing
Gas reserve
Marketing
Medicine Hat area
Medicine Hat field
NTS 72E
NTS 72L
Legal References
Gas Resources Preservation Act 1956
Oil and Gas Conservation Act S36
Notes
ERCB Report 61-5 on application no. 378 by Bailey Selburn et al and on application no. 240 by Consolidated Mic Mac et al for removal of gas produced in the Medicine Hat area; Board heard original applications on 1960-08-22 & 1960-08-23 and then held a public hearing 1961-03-20 to hear representations respecting alternate methods of marketing production to minimize the impact of drainage
See related report 60-7
Less detail

Decision 75-06

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2173
Applicant
City of Medicine Hat
Application Number
8337
Title
Decision on application by City of Medicine Hat, 1975 (additional generating capacity at the City of Medicine Hat)
Date
1975
Title
Decision on application by City of Medicine Hat, 1975 (additional generating capacity at the City of Medicine Hat)
Date
1975
Applicant
City of Medicine Hat
Application Number
8337
Hearing Panel
Govier GW
DeSorcy GJ
Hearing Type
Board
Utilities
Category
Electric power
Descriptors
Electric power project
Medicine Hat area
Power system interconnection
Electric power demand
Electric power supply
Electric utility
Gas turbine
NTS 72E
Planning
Southeast Alberta
Legal References
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S7
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S14
Notes
Decision 75-6 and supplement on application No. 8337 to install and operate a 15-MW gas turbine and to connect the unit to its electric system; Board meeting 1975-02-06
Interveners
Calgary Power
Alberta Power
Edmonton Power
Electric Utility Planning Council
Less detail

Decision 75-P

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2352
Applicant
Energy Resources Conservation Board
Application Number
8379
Title
Generation and supply of electric energy in the south-east area of Alberta
Date
1975
Title
Generation and supply of electric energy in the south-east area of Alberta
Date
1975
Applicant
Energy Resources Conservation Board
Application Number
8379
Hearing Panel
Govier GW
DeSorcy GJ
Goodman CJ
Hearing Type
Board
Utilities
Category
Electric power
Descriptors
Electric power demand
Electric power distribution
Electric power generation
Electric power supply
Electric power transmission
Transmission line
Economic forecasting
Forecasting
NTS 72E
NTS 72L
NTS 82H
NTS 82I
Planning
Southern Alberta
Notes
ERCB report 75-P on proceeding No. 8379 to consider the development and operation of facilities for the area of Alberta for a 15-YR period starting in January 1975; Board hearing 1975-06-03/04
Less detail

Decision 76-E

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2383
Applicant
Alberta Gas Chemicals Limited
Application Number
8744
Title
Decision on application by Alberta Gas Chemicals Ltd., 1976 (Oil and Gas Conservation Act, section 42)
Date
1976
Title
Decision on application by Alberta Gas Chemicals Ltd., 1976 (Oil and Gas Conservation Act, section 42)
Date
1976
Applicant
Alberta Gas Chemicals Limited
Application Number
8744
Hearing Panel
Millard V
Berkowitz N
DeSorcy GJ
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Industrial development permit
Descriptors
Chemical plant
Industrial development permit
Medicine Hat area
ETHANOL
Benefit cost analysis
Capitalized cost
Economic analysis
Efficiency
Gas supply
Marketing
Natural gas - fuel
Natural gas - raw material
NTS 72E
Raw material
Socio-economic effect
Legal References
Oil and Gas Conservation Act S42
Notes
ERCB report 76-E on application No. 8744 to use gas as raw material and fuel to produce methanol in a plant to be constructed near Medicine Hat (permit AGC 77-1); Board hearing 1976-01-28/29
Less detail

Decision 78-D

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2351
Applicant
City of Medicine Hat
Application Number
770854
Title
Decision on application by City of Medicine Hat, 1978 (to construct and operate a combined cycle extension to Medicine Hat power plant)
Date
1978
Title
Decision on application by City of Medicine Hat, 1978 (to construct and operate a combined cycle extension to Medicine Hat power plant)
Date
1978
Applicant
City of Medicine Hat
Application Number
770854
Hearing Type
Board
Utilities
Category
Electric power
Descriptors
Electric power plant
Gas turbine
Medicine Hat area
Economic analysis
Electric power demand
Environmental impact
Expansion
Forecasting
NTS 72E
Power system interconnection
Southern Alberta
Legal References
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S7
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S14
Notes
ERCB report 78-D on application No. 770854 to construct and operate a 60 megawatt gas turbine extension to its Medicine Hat power plant and to connect the proposed extension to the Medicine Hat distribution system (section 35, TP.12, R.6 W4M).
Less detail

Decision 82-12

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision1135
Applicant
Sienna Resources Limited
Application Number
820105
Title
Examiners report on application by Sienna Resources Limited, 1982 (for a licence to drill a well in the Orion area)
Date
1982
Title
Examiners report on application by Sienna Resources Limited, 1982 (for a licence to drill a well in the Orion area)
Date
1982
Applicant
Sienna Resources Limited
Application Number
820105
Hearing Panel
Bellows LA
Hearing Type
Examiners
Category
Well licence
Descriptors
Orion field
Well licence
Agricultural land
Development well
Environmental impact
Gas producing
Geologic interpretation
Locating
NTS 72E
Oil producing
Soil conservation
Target area
Notes
ERCB Examiners report E82-12 on application No. 820105 to drill well Sienna et al Orion 8-30-7-7 in LSD 8-30-7-7 W4 to obtain production from Sawtooth and/or Sunburst FM.
Interveners
Sunderland Ranches Ltd.
Thompson, D.
Location
08-30-007-07W4
Less detail

Decision 82-21

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision1127
Applicant
Cimarron Petroleum Ltd.
Application Number
820327
Title
Examiners report on application by Cimarron Petroleum Ltd., 1982 (gas processing plant Orion area)
Date
1982
Title
Examiners report on application by Cimarron Petroleum Ltd., 1982 (gas processing plant Orion area)
Date
1982
Applicant
Cimarron Petroleum Ltd.
Application Number
820327
Hearing Panel
Edgecombe RW
Sharp KG
Dilay JD
Hearing Type
Examiners
Category
Gas processing
Descriptors
Gas processing plant
Orion field
Sour gas
Amine
Environmental impact
ID-81-03
Flare
Gas processing
Emission
Hydrogen sulphide
NTS 72E
Plant location
Pollution control
Sulphur dioxide
Legal References
Oil and Gas Conservation Act S26
Notes
ERCB Examiners report E82-21 on application No. 820327 to construct & operate a gas sweetening facility at Cimarron's well in LSD 6-18-6-6 W4M to process sour gas.
Interveners
Meyer, F.
Meyer, Mrs.
Bohnet, D.
Bohnet, Mrs.
Less detail

Decision 82-27

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision1124
Applicant
Great Basins Petroleum Ltd.
Application Number
780482
Title
Examiners report on application by Great Basins Petroleum Ltd, 1982 (reduced gas drilling spacing units Medicine Hat Medicine Hat C and D pools)
Date
1982
Title
Examiners report on application by Great Basins Petroleum Ltd, 1982 (reduced gas drilling spacing units Medicine Hat Medicine Hat C and D pools)
Date
1982
Applicant
Great Basins Petroleum Ltd.
Application Number
780482
Hearing Panel
Webber HJ
Stafford GH
Hearing Type
Examiners
Category
Spacing
Descriptors
Drilling spacing unit
Medicine Hat field
Depletion
Gas producing
Medicine Hat Fm
NTS 72E
Reservoir characteristic
Target area
Legal References
Oil and Gas Conservation Regulations S4.030
Oil and Gas Conservation Regulations S11.060
Notes
ERCB Examiners report R82-27 on application No. 780482 to establish one half section drilling spacing units for gas production from Medicine Hat Medicine Hat C & D pools (TP.11-12, R.6-7, W4M); Examiners hearing 1978-12-01 reopened 1982-09-23
Interveners
The City of Medicine Hat
Less detail

Decision 82-29

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision1122
Applicant
Gascan Resources Ltd.
Application Number
820646
Title
Examiners report on application by Gascan Resources Ltd., 1982 (secondary lines for natural gas Medicine Hat area)
Date
1982
Title
Examiners report on application by Gascan Resources Ltd., 1982 (secondary lines for natural gas Medicine Hat area)
Date
1982
Applicant
Gascan Resources Ltd.
Application Number
820646
Hearing Panel
Bellows LA
Dilay JD
Page CJC
Hearing Type
Examiners
Category
Pipelines
Descriptors
Gas pipeline
Gathering line
Medicine Hat area
Pipeline construction permit
Agricultural land
Environmental impact
Irrigation
Land reclamation
NTS 72E
NTS 72L
Pipeline route
Route selection
Legal References
Pipeline Act
Notes
ERCB Examiners report E82-29 on application No. 820646 to construct 2.4 km of 114.3 MM outside diameter pipeline to transport sweet gas from a well in LSD 16-20-12-6 W4M to an existing secondary natural gas line in LSD 16-18-12-6 W4M and to construct 1.2 km of 114.3 MM outside diameter pipeline to transport gas from a well in LSD 16-20-12-6 W4M to a permitted pipeline in LSD 6-12-12-6 W4M.
Interveners
Weiss, H.C.
Schlenker, E.
Less detail

Decision 84-08

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision1167
Applicant
Star Oil and Gas Ltd.
Application Number
831043
Title
Examiners report on application by Star Oil and Gas Ltd., 1984 (common purchaser forty mile lower Mannville E pool)
Date
1984
Title
Examiners report on application by Star Oil and Gas Ltd., 1984 (common purchaser forty mile lower Mannville E pool)
Date
1984
Applicant
Star Oil and Gas Ltd.
Application Number
831043
Hearing Panel
Pearson DG
Langlo CA
Towle WR
Hearing Type
Examiners
Category
Common purchaser
Descriptors
Common purchaser
Forty Mile field
Gas producing
Gas purchase
Lease drainage
Mannville Gp
NTS 72E
Reservoir boundary
Legal References
Oil and Gas Conservation Act S40
Notes
ERCB Examiners report on application No. 831043 for an Order declaring Canadian Western natural gas Co., Pan-Alberta gas Ltd., and TransCanada pipelines to be common purchasers of gas produced from the forty mile lower Mannville E pool.
Less detail

Decision 85-02

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision845
Applicant
Cimarron Petroleum Ltd.
Application Number
840153
Title
Examiner report on application by Cimarron Petroleum Ltd., 1985 (drilling spacing units for Sunburst oil production Manyberries field)
Date
1985
Title
Examiner report on application by Cimarron Petroleum Ltd., 1985 (drilling spacing units for Sunburst oil production Manyberries field)
Date
1985
Applicant
Cimarron Petroleum Ltd.
Application Number
840153
Hearing Panel
Pearson DG
Purvis RA
Fairbanks GH
Hearing Type
Examiners
Category
Spacing
Descriptors
Drilling spacing unit
Manyberries field
Mannville Gp
NTS 72E
Oil producing
Reservoir characteristic
Target area
Legal References
Oil and Gas Conservation Regulations S4.030
Notes
Examiners' report E85-2 on application No. 840153 to establish two legal subdivision DSU's for the production of oil from Sunburst zone in Mannville FM in the west half of section 15, TP.5, R.4 (W4M).
Interveners
Petro-Canada Inc.
Brinkerhoff Resources Inc.
Home Oil Company Limited
Less detail

Decision 85-05

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision842
Applicant
City of Medicine Hat
Application Number
841170
Title
Examiner report on application by City of Medicine Hat, 1985 (amend order P 37 Medicine Hat field)
Date
1985
Title
Examiner report on application by City of Medicine Hat, 1985 (amend order P 37 Medicine Hat field)
Date
1985
Applicant
City of Medicine Hat
Application Number
841170
Hearing Panel
Pearson DG
Hearing Type
Examiners
Category
Compulsory pooling
Descriptors
Compulsory pooling
Medicine Hat field
Gas producing
Medicine Hat Fm
Mineral right
NTS 72E
NTS 72L
Ownership
Second White Specks Fm
Unit operation
Legal References
Oil and Gas Conservation Act S74
Oil and Gas Conservation Act S77
Notes
Examiners report E85-5 on application No. 840604 to change name of holders of the Order (covering all tracts in S15-12-6 W4M), add additional formations, provide for second well to be drilled in DSU and add clauses outlining manner in which funds for missing tract owners are to be handled.
Less detail

Decision 85-06

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision841
Applicant
Bow Valley Industries Ltd.
Application Number
841170
Title
Examiner report on application by Bow Valley Industries Ltd., 1985 (compulsory pooling Bow Island field)
Date
1985
Title
Examiner report on application by Bow Valley Industries Ltd., 1985 (compulsory pooling Bow Island field)
Date
1985
Applicant
Bow Valley Industries Ltd.
Application Number
841170
Hearing Panel
Pearson DG
Hearing Type
Examiners
Category
Compulsory pooling
Descriptors
Bow Island field
Compulsory pooling
Bow Island Fm
Drilling cost
Gas producing
NTS 72E
Operating cost
Ownership
Legal References
Oil and Gas Conservation Act S72
Oil and Gas Conservation Act S77
Notes
Examiners report E85-6 on application No. 841170 for an Order that all tracts within the DSU comprising S35-10-11 W4M be operated as a unit for the production of gas from the Bow Island FM through the well "BVX et al Bow Island 7-35-10-11".
Less detail

Decision 85-12

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision1682
Applicant
Bow River Pipelines Ltd.
Application Number
850027
Title
Decision on application by Bow River Pipe Lines Ltd., 1985 (application to construct a crude oil pipeline)
Date
1985
Title
Decision on application by Bow River Pipe Lines Ltd., 1985 (application to construct a crude oil pipeline)
Date
1985
Applicant
Bow River Pipelines Ltd.
Application Number
850027
Hearing Panel
DeSorcy GJ
Strom NA
Bellows LA
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Pipelines
Descriptors
Oil pipeline
Pipeline construction permit
Economic analysis
Marketing
NTS 72E
Pipeline route
Route selection
Southern Alberta
Legal References
Pipeline Act S34
Notes
Decision D85-12 on application No. 850027 to construct the Chin Coulee extension to transport crude oil from existing battery site in LSD 15-20-7-14 W4M to Home Oil pipeline in LSD 13-6-6-12 W4M to Murphy Oil Company pipeline in Milk River area for transport to Montana and to amend licences 4912 and 5264 to reverse the direction of flow in a portion of its existing crude oil gathering system; Board hearing 85-02-14/15
Interveners
Murphy Oil Company Ltd.
Farmers Union Central Exchange
Home Oil Company Limited
Norcen Energy Resources Limited
Oakwood Petroleums Ltd.
PanCanadian Petroleum Limited
Petro-Canada Inc.
Less detail

Decision 86-09

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision614
Applicant
City of Medicine Hat
Application Number
851380
Title
Examiner report on application by City of Medicine Hat, 1986 (rescind order No. P 10 Etzikom field)
Date
1986
Title
Examiner report on application by City of Medicine Hat, 1986 (rescind order No. P 10 Etzikom field)
Date
1986
Applicant
City of Medicine Hat
Application Number
851380
Hearing Panel
Pearson DG
Towle WR
Dibus TA
Hearing Type
Examiners
Category
Compulsory pooling
Descriptors
Compulsory pooling
Etzikom field
Bow Island Fm
Gas producing
NTS 72E
Revision
Legal References
Oil and Gas Conservation Act S74
Notes
Examiners report on application No. 851380 to rescind Order No. P 10 and to give the City of Medicine Hat the right to drill in DSU 13-6-8 W4M.
Less detail

Decision 87-02

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision225
Applicant
Canadian Western Natural Gas Company Limited
Application Number
861247
Title
Examiner report on application by Canadian Western Natural Gas Company Limited, 1987 (amend Board order Misc 8407 forty mile field)
Date
1987
Title
Examiner report on application by Canadian Western Natural Gas Company Limited, 1987 (amend Board order Misc 8407 forty mile field)
Date
1987
Applicant
Canadian Western Natural Gas Company Limited
Application Number
861247
Hearing Panel
Keushnig HR
Hearing Type
Examiners
Category
Common purchaser
Descriptors
Common purchaser
Forty Mile field
Contract
Gas producing
Gas purchase
Mannville Gp
NTS 72E
Legal References
Oil and Gas Conservation Act S40
Notes
Examiners report E87-2 on application No. 861247 to delete CWNG from Board Order Misc 8407 which declares CWNG, Pan-Alberta and TCPL as common purchasers of gas produced from the forty mile lower Mannville E pool (LSD 15-31-6-9).
Location
15-31-006-09W4
Less detail

Decision 87-17

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision178
Applicant
PanCanadian Petroleum Limited
Application Number
871378
Title
Examiner report on application by PanCanadian Petroleum Limited, 1987 (well licence Medicine Hat field)
Date
1987
Title
Examiner report on application by PanCanadian Petroleum Limited, 1987 (well licence Medicine Hat field)
Date
1987
Applicant
PanCanadian Petroleum Limited
Application Number
871378
Hearing Panel
Remmer WG
Moloney JK
Vrskovy MJ
Hearing Type
Examiners
Category
Well licence
Descriptors
Medicine Hat field
Well licence
Glauconitic sandstone
Locating
NTS 72E
Oil well
Residential building
Well site
Legal References
Oil and Gas Conservation Regulations S2.020
Notes
Examiners report E87-17 on application No. 871378 for a licence to drill a well from a surface location in LSD 12-15-12-5 W4M to obtain oil production from the Glauconitic Sandstone.
Interveners
Citizens' Committee of Medicine Hat
Location
12-15-012-05W4
Less detail

Decision 87-19

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision171
Applicant
Shell Canada Limited
Application Number
871144
Title
Decision on application by Shell Canada Limited, 1987 (solution gas processing plant and central oil battery Manyberries field)
Date
1987
Title
Decision on application by Shell Canada Limited, 1987 (solution gas processing plant and central oil battery Manyberries field)
Date
1987
Applicant
Shell Canada Limited
Application Number
871144
Hearing Panel
Goodman CJ
Prince JP
Bruni MJ
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Gas processing
Descriptors
Gas processing plant
Manyberries field
Gas conservation
NTS 72E
Plant location
Legal References
Oil and Gas Conservation Act S26
Oil and Gas Conservation Regulations S7.001
Oil and Gas Conservation Regulations S15.210
Notes
Decision D87-19 on application No. 871144 for approval to construct and operate a central multi-well oil battery and a sweet solution gas processing plant in the Manyberries Sunburst U, OO, Q pools; Board hearing 1987-11-03, 1987-12-03/04
Interveners
Petro-West Engineering Ltd.
Home Oil Company Limited
Robinson Engineering Company Ltd.
Pension Plan and Trust
R.W. Robinson and Associates Company Profit Sharing Plan
Less detail

Decision 88-15

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision153
Applicant
Brinkerhoff Resources
Application Number
871734
Title
Examiner report on application by Brinkerhoff Resources, 1988 (two legal subdivision drilling spacing units for Sunburst oil production Manyberries Sunburst B pool)
Date
1988
Title
Examiner report on application by Brinkerhoff Resources, 1988 (two legal subdivision drilling spacing units for Sunburst oil production Manyberries Sunburst B pool)
Date
1988
Applicant
Brinkerhoff Resources
Application Number
871734
Hearing Panel
Purvis RA
Vrskovy MJ
Keushnig HR
Hearing Type
Examiners
Category
Spacing
Descriptors
Drilling spacing unit
Manyberries field
Mannville Gp
NTS 72E
Off target penalty
Oil producing
Oil recovery
Legal References
Oil and Gas Conservation Regulations S4.030
Notes
ERCB Examiners report E88-15 on application No. 871734 for an Order establishing two legal subdivision drilling spacing units for the production of oil from the Sunburst/Swift sand of the Mannville group in 24-5-5 W4M.
Interveners
Wintershall Oil of Canada Ltd.
Location
##-24-005-05W4
Less detail

33 records – page 1 of 2.