89 records – page 1 of 5.

Decision 57-02

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2418
Applicant
Saskatchewan Power Corporation
Application Number
000079 (HEARING)
Title
Decision on application by Saskatchewan Power Corporation, 1957 (removal of gas produced from the Medicine Hat field)
Date
1957
Title
Decision on application by Saskatchewan Power Corporation, 1957 (removal of gas produced from the Medicine Hat field)
Date
1957
Applicant
Saskatchewan Power Corporation
Application Number
000079 (HEARING)
Hearing Panel
McKinnon IN
Goodall DP
Govier GW
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Gas removal
Descriptors
Gas removal
Alberta
Etzikom field
Gas demand
Gas reserve
Gas supply
Medicine Hat area
Legal References
Gas Resources Preservation Act 1956
Notes
ERCB Report 57-2 on Hearing No. 79 on an application by Saskatchewan Power to remove gas from the Medicine Hat and Etzikom fields; Board hearing 1956-12-11 and 1957-01-15/16/17/18
Less detail

Decision 57-UNNUMBERED (57-08-30)

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision106
Applicant
Energy Resources Conservation Board
Application Number
000085 (HEARING)
Title
Decision on the proration plan and the economic allowance (letter to all operators)
Date
1957
Title
Decision on the proration plan and the economic allowance (letter to all operators)
Date
1957
Applicant
Energy Resources Conservation Board
Application Number
000085 (HEARING)
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Prorationing
Descriptors
Marketing
MPR
Proration
Alberta
Notes
Decision (released as letter to all operators) on proceeding no.85 to review the main principles of the Board's plan for proration to market demand and to consider the role and method of computation of the economic allowance
Less detail

Decision 78-01

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2119
Applicant
Bumper Development Corporation Ltd.
Application Number
770628
Title
Decision on application by Bumper Development Corporation Ltd., 1978 (licence to drill a well in the Carbon area)
Date
1978
Title
Decision on application by Bumper Development Corporation Ltd., 1978 (licence to drill a well in the Carbon area)
Date
1978
Applicant
Bumper Development Corporation Ltd.
Application Number
770628
Hearing Panel
Millard V
Bohme VE
Goodman CJ
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Well licence
Descriptors
Carbon field
Well licence
Agricultural land
Belly River Fm
Development well
Environmental impact
Gas producing
Locating
NTS 82P
Oil producing
Oil recovery
Pekisko Fm
Viking Fm
Notes
Decision 78-1 on application No. 770628 for a licence to drill a well in LSD 6-9-29-23 W4M for the production of oil or gas from all formations down to and including the Pekisko FM.
Interveners
Ohlhauser, R.J.
Ohlhauser, M.
Ohlhauser, S.A
Smith, B.L.
Location
06-09-029-23W4
Less detail

Decision 78-02

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2118
Applicant
BP Exploration Canada Limited
Application Number
770629
Title
Decision on application by BP Exploration Canada Limited, 1978 (licence to drill a well in the Chestermere Lake area)
Date
1978
Title
Decision on application by BP Exploration Canada Limited, 1978 (licence to drill a well in the Chestermere Lake area)
Date
1978
Applicant
BP Exploration Canada Limited
Application Number
770629
Hearing Panel
Millard V
DeSorcy GJ
Manyluk AF
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Well licence
Descriptors
Chestermere Lake area
Well licence
Blowout preventer
Casing (well)
Contamination
Elkton Fm
Emergency procedure
Environmental impact
Geologic interpretation
Land value
Locating
NTS 82P
Oil producing
Residential building
Safety
Water pollution
Notes
Decision 78-2 on application No. 770629 for a licence to drill a well in LSD 6-15-24-28 W4M to evaluate and obtain production from the Elkton FM; Board hearing 1977-10-06; adjourned to 1977-11-09
Interveners
The Summer Village of Chestermere Leake
Comport Industries Ltd.
Argyle Management Ltd.
Scott, J.
Scott, C.
Anderson, G.
Location
06-15-024-28W4
Less detail

Decision 78-03

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2117
Applicant
Amoco Canada Petroleum Company Limited
Application Number
770082
Title
Decision on application by Amoco Canada Petroleum Company Ltd., 1978 (permit to construct a pipeline in the unit 48 of the east crossfield area)
Date
1978
Title
Decision on application by Amoco Canada Petroleum Company Ltd., 1978 (permit to construct a pipeline in the unit 48 of the east crossfield area)
Date
1978
Applicant
Amoco Canada Petroleum Company Limited
Application Number
770082
Hearing Panel
Millard V
Berkowitz N
Goodman CJ
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Pipelines
Descriptors
Crossfield East field
Gas pipeline
Gathering line
Pipeline construction permit
Sour gas
NTS 82O
NTS 82P
Pipeline route
Legal References
Pipeline Act
Notes
Decision on application for a sour gas pipeline from a point in LSD 7-34-28-29 W4M to LSD 9-36-28-1 W5M
Interveners
Keiler, K.F.
Whittaker, D.
Risler, W.
Less detail

Decision 78-04

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2116
Applicant
Gulf Oil Canada Limited
Application Number
770991
Title
Decision on inquiry into uncontrolled discharge of sour gas Gulf Oil Canada Limited secondary line licence 7293 in the Alix area, 1978
Date
1978
Title
Decision on inquiry into uncontrolled discharge of sour gas Gulf Oil Canada Limited secondary line licence 7293 in the Alix area, 1978
Date
1978
Applicant
Gulf Oil Canada Limited
Application Number
770991
Hearing Panel
DeSorcy GJ
Bohme VE
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Inquiry - Pipelines
Descriptors
Gas pipeline
Pipeline accident
Pipeline leak
Sour gas
Atmospheric diffusion
Death
Emergency procedure
Evacuation
Hydrogen sulphide
NTS 83A
Pipeline safety
Safety
Inquiry
Notes
Decision on proceeding No. 770991 on pipeline rupture in LSD 1-23-39-23 W4M on pipeline that transmits sour gas from Clive central battery to Gulf Nevis gas plant resulting in an uncontrolled discharge of sour gas at the break location; Public inquiry
Interveners
Quintana Exploration Co.
Hazen and Babb Drilling Consultants Ltd.
Love's Oilfield Construction
Schmidt Drilling
Less detail

Decision 78-05

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2115
Applicant
Energy Resources Conservation Board
Application Number
9750X
Title
Decision on proceeding on spacing and target area requirements for oil and gas wells drilled in the province of Alberta, 1978
Date
1978
Title
Decision on proceeding on spacing and target area requirements for oil and gas wells drilled in the province of Alberta, 1978
Date
1978
Applicant
Energy Resources Conservation Board
Application Number
9750X
Hearing Panel
Craig DR
Millard V
DeSorcy GJ
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Spacing
Descriptors
Drilling spacing unit
Land use
Target area
Well spacing
Agricultural land
Alberta
Citizen participation
Communication
Community relations
Economic analysis
Environmental impact
Gas well
History
Oil well
Procedure
Regulation
Legal References
Oil and Gas Conservation Regulations S4.030
Oil and Gas Conservation Regulations S15.060
Notes
Decision on proceeding No. 9750X to consider representations from agricultural groups on the need to amend the present well spacing and target area requirements
Less detail

Decision 78-06

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2114
Applicant
Rochfort Rural Electrification Association
Application Number
780057
Title
Decision on application by Rochfort Rural Electrification Association, 1978 (to reacquire ownership and operation of AN electric distribution system)
Date
1978
Title
Decision on application by Rochfort Rural Electrification Association, 1978 (to reacquire ownership and operation of AN electric distribution system)
Date
1978
Applicant
Rochfort Rural Electrification Association
Application Number
780057
Hearing Panel
Millard V
DeSorcy GJ
Goodman CJ
Hearing Type
Board
Utilities
Category
Electric power
Descriptors
Electric power distribution
Electric utility
Mayerthorpe area
Business operation
Financial data
Financial management
NTS 83G
Rural development
Legal References
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S23
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S24
Notes
Decision on application to reacquire an electric distribution system from Calgary Power Ltd. in the Mayerthorpe area; Board order HE 7850 see related decision D76-7
Interveners
Calgary Power Ltd.
Farm Electric Services ltd.
Less detail

Decision 78-07

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2113
Applicant
Alberta Gas Ethylene Company Limited
Application Number
770666
Title
Decision on application by Alberta Gas Ethylene Company Ltd., 1978 (construct a pipeline from Joffre to Fort Saskatchewan)
Date
1978
Title
Decision on application by Alberta Gas Ethylene Company Ltd., 1978 (construct a pipeline from Joffre to Fort Saskatchewan)
Date
1978
Applicant
Alberta Gas Ethylene Company Limited
Application Number
770666
Hearing Panel
Millard V
Bohme VE
DeSorcy GJ
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Pipelines
Descriptors
Ethylene
Fort Saskatchewan area
Pipeline construction permit
Product pipeline
Red Deer area
Agricultural land
Buried
NTS 83A
NTS 83H
Pipeline construction
Pipeline design
Pipeline route
Route selection
Legal References
Pipeline Act S7
Notes
Decision on application to construct a pipeline to transport ethylene from LSD 5-32-38-25 W4M to LSD 15-11-55-22 W4M and a meter station in LSD 15-11-55-22 W4M; Pipeline permit 14763 se related decision D79-2 for portion of the line in TP.52-53, R.22-23, W4M which was deferred in original decision
Interveners
Dow Chemical of Canada Limited
Dome Petroleum Limited
Group of Farmers Headed by W.A. Lovell
Holubisky, P.
Holubisky, S.
Canadian Industries Limited
Genstar Development Company Limited
Windsor, G.
Arnold Brothers Transport Ltd.
Qualico Developments
Less detail

Decision 78-08

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2112
Applicant
Amoco Canada Petroleum Company Limited
Application Number
780023
Title
Decision on inquiry into uncontrolled flow from the well Amoco Pacific Brazr 7-10-48-12 W5M in the Lodgepole Drayton Valley area, 1978
Date
1978
Title
Decision on inquiry into uncontrolled flow from the well Amoco Pacific Brazr 7-10-48-12 W5M in the Lodgepole Drayton Valley area, 1978
Date
1978
Applicant
Amoco Canada Petroleum Company Limited
Application Number
780023
Hearing Panel
DeSorcy GJ
Bohme VE
Kupchanko EE
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Inquiry - Blowout
Descriptors
Blowout (well)
Blowout control
Drayton Valley area
Lodgepole blowout
Sour gas
Well killing
Air pollution
Case history
Inquiry
Emergency procedure
Emission
Environmental impact
Health
Hydrogen sulphide
NTS 83G
Procedure
Safety
Legal References
Oil and Gas Conservation Regulations S8.137
Oil and Gas Conservation Regulations S8.142
Notes
Decision 78-8 on proceeding No. 780023 to investigate an uncontrolled flow of sour gas from a well in LSD 7-10-48-12 W5M during a period from 1977-12-06 to 1978-01-02; Board inquiry 1978-02-22/23
Interveners
Alberta Disaster Services
Pacific Petroleum Ltd.
S&T Drilling (Northern) Ltd.
Less detail

Decision 78-09

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2111
Applicant
Spur Engineering Ltd.
Gordon Land Services Ltd.
Application Number
770793
Title
Decision on application by Spur Engineering Ltd. and Roger M. Gordon Land Services Ltd. ltd., 1978 (common purchaser, common carrier, common processor and rateable take for gas produced from the Lacombe Viking A pool)
Date
1978
Title
Decision on application by Spur Engineering Ltd. and Roger M. Gordon Land Services Ltd. ltd., 1978 (common purchaser, common carrier, common processor and rateable take for gas produced from the Lacombe Viking A pool)
Date
1978
Applicant
Spur Engineering Ltd.
Gordon Land Services Ltd.
Application Number
770793
Hearing Panel
Pearson DG
Pow JR
Warne GA
Hearing Type
Examiners
Category
Common purchaser
Descriptors
Common carrier
Common purchaser
Common processor
Lacombe field
Rateable take of gas
Allowable production
Equity
Capacity
Gas pipeline
Gas producing
Lease drainage
Marketing
NTS 83A
Viking Fm
Legal References
Oil and Gas Conservation Act S35
Oil and Gas Conservation Act S49
Oil and Gas Conservation Act S52
Oil and Gas Conservation Act S54
Notes
Decision 78-9 on application No. 770793 for an Order declaring NUL a common purchaser of gas from the Lacombe Viking A pool, for orders declaring Sulpetro a common carrier and common processor of gas produced from the pool and for an Order distributing gas production from the pool equitably among wells (TP.40, R.26, W4M); rateable take application under section 35 of the Oil and Gas Conservation Act was dismissed
Interveners
Northwestern Utilities Limited
Sulpetro of Canada Ltd.
Less detail

Decision 78-10

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2110
Applicant
Dome Petroleum Limited
Application Number
780017
Title
Decision on application by Dome Petroleum Limited, 1978 (Construct a pipeline from Waterton to Cochran)
Date
1978
Title
Decision on application by Dome Petroleum Limited, 1978 (Construct a pipeline from Waterton to Cochran)
Date
1978
Applicant
Dome Petroleum Limited
Application Number
780017
Hearing Panel
Millard V
Bohme VE
Goodman CJ
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Pipelines
Descriptors
Cochrane area
Ethane
Liquefied petroleum gas
Pipeline construction permit
Product pipeline
Waterton area
Emergency procedure
Environmental impact
Land reclamation
Land use
NTS 82G
NTS 82J
NTS 82O
Pipeline design
Pipeline route
Right of way
Route selection
Safety
Transmission corridor
Legal References
Pipeline Act
Notes
Decision 78-10 on application No. 780017 to construct a pipeline to transmit ethane, propane, butane, and pentanes plus from Shell Waterton gas plant in LSD 1-24-4-1 W5M to the Alberta natural gas extraction plant in LSD 10-16-26-4 W5M near Cochrane.
Interveners
The Alberta Gas Trunk Line Company
Amoco Canada Petroleum Company Limited
Foothills Pipe Lines (Alta.) Limited
Hudson's Bay Oil and Gas cjompany Limited
Harvie, D.S.
LePatourel, J.
LePatourel, E.
Meston, G.R.
Harper-Penner Group
Rowland Family
Gardner, H.R.
Less detail

Decision 78-11

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2109
Applicant
Shell Canada Resources Limited
Application Number
770900
Title
Decision on application by Shell Canada Resources Ltd., 1978 (permit to construct a secondary line for sour natural gas in the Jumping Pound area)
Date
1978
Title
Decision on application by Shell Canada Resources Ltd., 1978 (permit to construct a secondary line for sour natural gas in the Jumping Pound area)
Date
1978
Applicant
Shell Canada Resources Limited
Application Number
770900
Hearing Panel
DeSorcy GJ
Bohme VE
Goodman CJ
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Pipelines
Descriptors
Gas pipeline
Pipeline construction permit
Sour gas
Atmospheric diffusion
Environmental impact
Hydrogen sulphide
Nomograph
NTS 82O
Pipeline design
Pipeline route
Right of way
Route selection
Safety
Legal References
Pipeline Act
Notes
Decision 78-11 on application No. 770900 to construct a sour gas pipeline from LSD 9-24-26-7 W5M to LSD 4-19-26-6 W5M; Board hearing 1978-02-09; reopened 1978-05-09
Interveners
Lamb, T.
Fish, J.R.
Less detail

Decision 78-12

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2108
Applicant
Calgary Power Ltd.
Application Number
770891
Title
Decision on application by Calgary Power Ltd., 1978 (approval to construct and operate an ash lagoon for disposing ash at the Keephills power plant)
Date
1978
Title
Decision on application by Calgary Power Ltd., 1978 (approval to construct and operate an ash lagoon for disposing ash at the Keephills power plant)
Date
1978
Applicant
Calgary Power Ltd.
Application Number
770891
Hearing Panel
Millard V
Berkowitz N
Goodman CJ
Solodzuk W
Hearing Type
Board
Utilities
Category
Electric power
Descriptors
Ash
Electric power project
Keephills power project
Settling pond
Waste disposal
Cost analysis
Economic analysis
Environmental impact
Groundwater
NTS 83G
Reclamation
Legal References
Energy Resources Conservation Act S40
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S7
Notes
Decision 78-12 on application No. 770891 to develop a recirculating water slurry system and ash lagoon for disposing of ash at the Keephills power plant (TP.51-52, R.3-4, W5M).
Interveners
Committee on Keephills Environment
Less detail

Decision 78-13

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2107
Applicant
Voyager Petroleums Limited
Application Number
780269
Title
Decision on application by Voyager Petroleums Ltd., 1978 (reinstate well licence - Voyager Warwick 11-26-53-14)
Date
1978
Title
Decision on application by Voyager Petroleums Ltd., 1978 (reinstate well licence - Voyager Warwick 11-26-53-14)
Date
1978
Applicant
Voyager Petroleums Limited
Application Number
780269
Hearing Panel
Bohme VE
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Well licence
Descriptors
Warwick field
Well licence
Locating
Regulation
Procedure
Surface rights
Legal References
Energy Resources Conservation Act
Oil and Gas Conservation Act
Notes
Decision 78-13 on application No. 780269 to reinstate well licence suspended because Voyager had not obtained right of access to the land in LSD 11-26-53-14 W4M.
Interveners
Roth, D.
Location
11-26-053-14W4
Less detail

Decision 78-14

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2106
Applicant
Calgary Power Ltd.
Application Number
770856
Title
Decision on application by Calgary Power Ltd., 1978 (138 KV transmission line facilities in the Calgary area)
Date
1978
Title
Decision on application by Calgary Power Ltd., 1978 (138 KV transmission line facilities in the Calgary area)
Date
1978
Applicant
Calgary Power Ltd.
Application Number
770856
Hearing Panel
Millard V
DeSorcy GJ
Goodman CJ
Hearing Type
Board
Utilities
Category
Transmission line
Descriptors
Calgary area
Transmission line
Electric power demand
NTS 82I
Reliability
Route selection
Legal References
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S9
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S10
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S11
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S13
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S14
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S17
Notes
Decision 78-14 on application No. 770856 to construct & operate a 138 KV transmission line (CP 727L) from the north end of existing line CP 727L to Janet substation CP74S; Board hearing 1978-05-30/31 & 1978-06-02
Interveners
Dietterle, E.
Landmark Farms Limited
Maldeghem Farming Company Ltd.
Less detail

Decision 78-15

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2105
Applicant
Amoco Canada Petroleum Company Limited
Application Number
770422
Title
Decision on application by Amoco Canada Petroleum Company Ltd., 1978 (permit to construct a pipeline in the Crossfield area)
Date
1978
Title
Decision on application by Amoco Canada Petroleum Company Ltd., 1978 (permit to construct a pipeline in the Crossfield area)
Date
1978
Applicant
Amoco Canada Petroleum Company Limited
Application Number
770422
Hearing Panel
Millard V
Berkowitz N
Goodman CJ
Hearing Type
Board
Category
Pipelines
Descriptors
Crossfield East field
Gas pipeline
Pipeline construction permit
Relocation
Sour gas
Energy development
NTS 82P
Pipeline route
Planning
Route selection
Safety
Legal References
Pipeline Act
Notes
Decision 78-15 on application No. 770422 to construct a pipeline to transmit sour natural gas from a point in LSD 2-11-29-1 W5M to LSD 9-14-28-1 W5M to replace an existing pipeline; Board hearing 1977-08-03; adjourned to 1977-12-13; interim Decision issued; hearing reopened 1978-06-19
Interveners
Hooker, H.L.
Keeler, K.F.
The Farmers' Group
Howes, D.
Wittaker, D.
Howes, A.
Risler, W.
Aldred, B.
Rau, A.
Rau, L.
Rau, E.
Rau, J.
The Village of Crossfield
Rooke, J.D.
Maffei Farms Ltd.
O'Ferrell, B.K.
Cameron, W.G.
Thompson, R.W.
McLarty, A.L.
Less detail

Decision 78-16

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2104
Applicant
Caribe Holdings Ltd.
Application Number
780108
Title
Decision on application by Caribe Holdings Ltd., 1978 (application of zone designations no. 151 and no. 187-A to parts of township 27, ranges 15 and 16, west of the 4th meridian)
Date
1978
Title
Decision on application by Caribe Holdings Ltd., 1978 (application of zone designations no. 151 and no. 187-A to parts of township 27, ranges 15 and 16, west of the 4th meridian)
Date
1978
Applicant
Caribe Holdings Ltd.
Application Number
780108
Hearing Panel
Webber HJ
McLarty AL
Stafford GH
Hearing Type
Examiners
Category
Zone designation
Descriptors
Basal Blairmore sandstone
Glauconitic sandstone
Mannville Gp
Zone designation
Gas producing
Geologic interpretation
Mineral right
NTS 82P
Stratigraphy
Legal References
Oil and Gas Conservation Act S33
Notes
Decision 78-16 on application No. 780108 for an interpretation of zone designations ZD151 as the Basal Blairmore zone and ZD187A as the Basal Blairmore Sandstone zone for revision or clarification (TP.27, R.15-16, W4M).
Interveners
B.P. Exploration Canada Limited
Hope-Ross, W.J.
Less detail

Decision 78-17

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2103
Applicant
Calgary Power Ltd.
Application Number
780237
Title
Decision on application by Calgary Power Ltd., 1978 (240 KV transmission line in the Sundance-Entwistle area)
Date
1978
Title
Decision on application by Calgary Power Ltd., 1978 (240 KV transmission line in the Sundance-Entwistle area)
Date
1978
Applicant
Calgary Power Ltd.
Application Number
780237
Hearing Panel
Millard V
DeSorcy GJ
Goodman CJ
Hearing Type
Board
Utilities
Category
Transmission line
Descriptors
Entwistle area
Transmission line
Electric power demand
Environmental impact
NTS 83G
Route selection
Sundance power plant
Legal References
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S9
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S11
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S13
Hydro and Electric Energy Act S14
Notes
Decision 78-17 on application No. 780237 see also related Decision 80-05 to construct and operate a 240 KV single circuit transmission line from Sundance substation to a location two miles north of Entwhistle (TP.52-53, R.4-8, W5M) as part of transmission line between Sundance and Whitecourt.
Interveners
Anderson, D.
Thomeus, T.
Alberta Power Limited
Valley Concrete (1974) Ltd.
Klingspohn, K.
Klingspohn, E.
Gylander, J.R.
Fahlman, A.E.
Fahlman, L.
McCaughey, R.W.
Less detail

Decision 78-18

https://had.aer.ca/link/decision2102
Applicant
Star-Key Mines Ltd.
Application Number
780160
Title
Decision on application by Star-Key Mines Ltd., 1978 (amendment of mining system and opening of three new entries of mine No. 1626 St. Albert area)
Date
1978
Title
Decision on application by Star-Key Mines Ltd., 1978 (amendment of mining system and opening of three new entries of mine No. 1626 St. Albert area)
Date
1978
Applicant
Star-Key Mines Ltd.
Application Number
780160
Hearing Panel
Strom NA
Duncan NJ
Jenkins D
Harrington D
Hearing Type
Examiners
Category
Coal
Descriptors
Coal mine
Coal project
St. Albert area
Underground mining
Benefit cost analysis
Coal reserve
Edmonton Fm
Environmental impact
Land reclamation
Longwall mining
Mine design
NTS 83H
Subsidence
Truck
Water quality
Notes
Decision 78-18 on application No. 780160 to amend permit No. C 76-70 to change present underground mining system for Star-Key mine (No. 1626) including 3 new entrances to underground workings (TP.54-55, R.24-25, W4M); Examiners hearing 1978-06-14/22
Interveners
The City of St. Albert
The Consumer Association of Canada (Alta.)
Less detail

89 records – page 1 of 5.